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R&D Center

Central Analytical Laboratory

The Central Analytical Laboratory (CALab, B108) is well equipped with a number of sophisticated analytical instruments for the regular course works and research related activities. The following instrumental facilities as already established and available for services.


State-of-the-Art Facilities and Specifications

Small/Wide Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS/WAXS)

Make: Xenocs SAS: France

Model: Nano-inXider SW-L SAXS/WAXS System with dual detector

Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) is an analytical technique giving access to information about the structure of materials at the nano- and meso- scale. Measurements can be made on almost any sample, but most often is used for soft matter and nanostructured materials. SAXS is a primary characterization tool for polymers, surfactants, colloids, proteins, porous media, nanoparticles and nanocomposites.

X-ray Source

  • Cu Kα micro-focus copper X-ray tube


  • Multiple sample holders for powder and gels
  • Low noise Flow cell for measurement on liquids
  • High temperature sample stage [-150° C to 350° C]
  • GISAXS stage (grazing incidence)
  • Tensile 200 N force: Measurable force range: 0 N to 200 N with 0.01 N resolution


  • Xenocs XSACT Software for data analysis
Contact Angle Goniometer

Make: Biolin Scientific

Model: Theta Flex

Contact Angle: The contact angle measurements are useful in determining the surface wettability of various liquids over material surfaces. The measurements can provide the information on the surface free energy of the surfaces. Moreover, the technique is also capable of analysing the surface and interfacial tension of pure liquids and liquids containing surface active agents (surfactants).

Technical specifications:

  • Contact angle measurement range: 0 – 180°
  • Accuracy, Resolution: +/- 0.1°, 0.01°
  • Max Temperature: 250 °C
  • Camera maximum measuring speed & Maximum resolution: 3009 fps, 1984 ×1264 pixel (min 672 × 57).
Thermogravimetry-Differential Scanning Calorimetry (TG-DSC)

Make: Setaram

Model: Themys one+

TG-DSC: This instrument measures the mass and thermal fluctuations as a function of temperature in a sample. This is used to follow physical and chemical changes such as melting, crystallization, glass transition, endothermic and exothermic reactions.

Technical specifications:

  • Temperature range: RT- 1600 ℃
  • TG-DTA measurement range: up to 1600 ℃
  • DSC measurement range: up to 1600 ℃
  • Programmable rate: 0.01 to 100 ℃/min
  • Atmosphere: Nitrogen, Air
  • Flow rate: 50,100 mL/min
  • Sensitivity of microbalance: 0.1 mg
Cell Sorter

Make: BD Biosciences

Model: BD FACSAria III Cell Sorter

Cell Sorter: Cell sorting is the process of taking cells from an organism and separating them according to their type. The cells are labelled and tagged to identify areas of interest and their effect. They are separated based on differences in cell size, morphology (shape), and surface protein expression.

Technical specifications:

  • Three Laser system
  • Laser-1: 488 nm Blue laser, Laser-2: 633nm Red Laser, Laser-3: 405nm Violet Laser
  • Automatic Sample Input Agitation Operating temperature range: -20° C to 120° C
Fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC)


Model: NGC QuestTM 100plus

FPLC is a form of medium-pressure chromatography that uses a pump to control the speed at which the mobile phase passes through the stationary phase. FPLC was introduced in 1982 by Pharmacia as fast performance liquid chromatography. Since then, many different medium-pressure chromatography systems have been developed. It should be noted that researchers often use the terms fast protein liquid chromatography, FPLC, and medium-pressure chromatography interchangeably.

Technical specifications:

  • Multiwavelengths (UV/Vis)
  • Conductivity detection
  • Automated sample injection
  • Flow rate 0.01-100 mL/min at 1450 psi (100 bar,10 MPa)
X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy(XPS)

Make: Thermo Fisher Scientific Pvt. Ltd. UK

Model: K-Alpha.

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) is a surface-sensitive spectroscopic technique to determine the elemental composition of solids.

Specific features:

  • Al Kα micro-focused monochromator
  • High-performance with low power (maximum 72W) Charge Compensation
  • Dual-beam source
  • Ultra-low energy co-axial electron and Ar+ ion beam.

Electron Analyzer

  • Double-focusing hemispherical analyzer
  • Multi-element, high-transmission spectrometer input lens
  • 128-channel detector for high quality snapshot spectra.
  • Kinetic energy: 5-1500ev

Type of analysis:

  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)
  • Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy(UPS)
  • Depth profile measurement.
  • XPS Mapping.
Impedance /Gain-Phase Analyzer 

Make: Solartron

Model: 1260A
Impedance analyzer is used to measure complex electrical impedance as a function of test frequency.


  • Frequency resolution: 10 µHz to 32 MHz
  • DC Bias: ±40.95V to ±100mV
  • Resolution:10µHz 32MHz
  • Measures impedances >50 Ω
  • 2-, 3- and 4-terminal measurement configurations
  • Voltage measurement range: 39mV to 3V
  • SMaRT software
Modular Compact Rheometer

Make: Anton Paar

Model: MCR-302
This instrument is used to characterize the visco-elastic properties of liquids in a very large range of viscosities.

Specific features: 

  • Plate/Cone: Plate/plate, Plate/cone, Concentric cylindrical
  • Temp: -40 to 120 °C
  • Measuring Plate: 8mm, 25mm
  • Removable Plate: 25mm, 50mm
  • Removable Cone: 25mm, 40mm
  • Software: Rheo Compass TM.
  • Sample required: 1 g (Solid), 1mL (gel), and 50mL (liq)
Time Correlated Single Photon Counting Fluorescence (TCSPC)

Make: Horiba

Model: DeltaFlex-01

  • TDM -850 emission monochromatic
  • Base plate size : 695 X368 mm
  • Front surface sample holder
  • Nano Leds -280, 340, 375L, 405L, 440L, 510L
  • Software: Ez Time analysis software

Steady State Modular Fluorescence

Make: Horiba

Model: Fl-3C

  • Source: Xe
  • Quartz cuvette: 4 mL, 1 mL
  • Solid Sample (SS) Holder
  • Rapid Peltier temperature controlled single sample holder
  • FL-Sphere
  • Software : FluorEssence controlling software
Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM)

FE-SEM is used to obtain topographical morphology and elemental information at magnifications of 10x to 300,000x, with virtually unlimited depth of field. The instrument has a high resolution of 1.5 to 2 nm. The specifications allow one to image non-conducting samples as well, when imaged under inverse bias mode.

  • Make: FEI
  • Model: Apreo LoVac
  • Retractable STEM 3+ Detector, DBS Detector
  • Aztec Standard EDS system - resolution 127 eV on Mn-kα Leica Ultra Microtome EM UC7 (Sputter Coater)
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) – 400 MHz

NMR is a powerful technique to elucidate the structure of organic molecules and inorganic complexes. The instrument has the capability of measuring liquid (solution) as well as solid samples (using solid state probe). A variety of NMR active nuclei can be studies using the instrument.

  • Make: Bruker
  • Model: AV NEO (400 MHz)
  • Multiprobe and low temperature in-built up to -35 ℃
  • Magnet system: ASCEND™ 400 MHz/ 54 mm Long Hold Time Magnet operation field at 9.4 Tesla
  • Auto-sampler
  • NMR Tubes: 7” x 5.0 mm with coded caps 

X-ray diffraction (XRD) is an analytical technique primarily used for phase identification and crystallite size of a crystalline material. The instrument is capable of small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and variable temperature XRD measurements.

  • Make: Rigaku
  • Model: ULTIMA-IV
  • Attachments: Powder, SAXS, High temperature (RT- 1000 ℃), Capillary, Thin film
  • Measuring Circle Diameter: 1 cm x 1 cm x 0.5 mm, 1cm x 1cm x 0.3 mm
  • Angle range: 5-100°
  • X-ray source: Copper

Detector: Scintillation counter and dTex detector


Single-crystal X-ray Diffraction measurement provides detailed information about the internal lattice of crystalline substances, including unit cell dimensions, bond-lengths, bond-angles, and details of site-ordering. With single-crystal refinement, one can interpret and refine the data to obtain the crystal structure.

  • Make: Rigaku oxford
  • Model: XTALAB
  • Source: Mo (50mA, 40kV), Cu (50mA, 0.6kV)
  • Detector: Dectris Pilatus 3R 200K-A
  • Software: CrysAlisPro XtaLAB
  • Cryo system: up to -180 ℃

Dynamic range: >1,000,000:1 per pixel 

Other R&D Centres

Center for Research Excellence in Semiconductor Technologies (CREST)

AI Centre

Central Instrumentation Facility

Teaching Learning Centre