Department of Biological Sciences



Courses cover diverse topics of biology with roots in microorganisms, plants and animals with varied outlook through experimental and computational approaches.

First Degree

Biology LaboratoryBIO F110  Hands-on experience of learning basic biological principles.


General BiologyBIO F111Living systems and their properties; biochemistry; biochemical pathways operative in organisms; introductory genetics, evolution and ecology; basic physiological processes. 
Biological Chemistry
BIO F211
Cellular and molecular level and focus upon bio-macromolecules, biosynthesis of macromolecules, energy yielding and requiring processes, genetic information etc.
BIO F212
Microbes and microbial cell; isolation, cultivation and characterization of microbes; host parasite relationship; methods of controlling microbes; clinical microbiology.
Cell Biology
BIO F213
Membrane; endomembrane system; nuclear organization and functions; ribosomes and protein synthesis; cytoskeleton; cell communication; cell cycle, cell growth and cancer.
Integrated Biology
BIO F214
Bridges as well as opens new vistas to a student taking up biology.
BIO F215
Molecules and their interaction forces; bio-energetics and physical techniques as applied to biological phenomena and related labs.
Ecology & Environmental ScienceBIO F241
Biotic and abiotic components of environment; regional ecology; ecosystem; pollution; environmental biotechnology; Indian environmental movement. Associated with related labs.
Introduction to Bioinformatics
BIO F242
Sequence to structure to function; genomic & proteomics; biological databases and data mining; use and interpretation of bioinformatics tools. 
Genetics        BIO F243
Facts and theories of heredity, their relation to the present state of biological theory in general; elements of population genetics; genetics and species concept. 
Instrumental Methods of AnalysisBIO F244
Principles, configuration, applications of instruments like mass spectrophotometer, atomic spectrophotometer, gas chromatography, ultracentrifuge, SDS-PAGE, ELISA etc.
Recombinant DNA Technology
BIO F311
Theoretical aspects and lab exposure to selected experiments of recombinant DNA manipulation. DNA sequencing, in-vitro mutagenesis, cloning in prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems.
Plant Physiology
BIO F312
Basic functional processes; plant-water relations, stomatal regulations, mineral nutrition and absorption, transport of material, growth and development, defense mechanisms, stress physiology.
Animal Physiology
BIO F313
Tissues and organ systems in animals, emphasis on mammalian systems and integration of systems at the level of the whole organism.
Developmental Biology
BIO F341
Major model organisms; morphogenesis; organogenesis; nervous system; germ cells and sex; cell differentiation and stem cells; growth, ageing and regeneration.
BIO F342
Cell mediated and humoral immunity, infectious diseases, immune mechanisms involved in cancer, immunodeficiency and autoimmunity; vaccination and transplantation immunology.
Elective Courses  
BIO F411
This laboratory course is designed only for M.Sc.(Hons) Biological Sciences students and aims to expose the students to and build competence in selected techniques of modern biology.
Biomolecular Modelling
BIO F417
Theoretical concepts and demonstrative examples towards grasping key ideas for applications in the 3D modeling of biomolecules.
Genetic Engineering Techniques
BIO F418
Experiments on the common molecular biology techniques used in gene manipulation in bacteria and plants; gene and protein expression analysis; DNA sequencing; plant cell culture techniques.
BIO F421
Enzyme nomenclature and classification; isolation and purification; structures; kinetics; regulation of enzymatic reactions; evaluation of enzymes and other proteins.
Cell and Tissue Culture TechnologyBIO F352Immune system, cell mediated and humoral immunity, infectious diseases, immune mechanisms involved in cancer, immunodeficiency and autoimmunity. Vaccination and transplantation immunology. 
Bioethics and Biosafety
To work in a proper ethical lab environment, an individual needs to be aware of the rules and regulations governing the handling of organisms and recombinants. The production, storage and transfer of material, as well as the disposal are the hallmarks of this course.
Molecular Biology of CellBIO F413Eukaryotic cell cycle; genetic regulation of cell cycle and differential gene expression during developmental process.
Reproductive PhysiologyBIO F431 Study of sexual cycles; biochemistry of fertilisation; control of ovarian functions; gonadotropins; pheromones and mammalian reproduction.
Biostatistics and BiomodelingBIO G532Methods of collection and presentation of statistical data; biomodeling especially in concurrent pharmaceutical research, and cell and structural biology.
Human GeneticsBIO G612Organization of the human genome and chromosomes; molecular-genetic methods of analysis; genetic testing of individuals; genetic approaches to treating disease; pharmacogenetics and personalized medicine.
Stem Cell and Regenerative BiologyBIO G515
Stem cells and  cellular pedigrees; stem cell niche; molecular bases of pluripotency; different type of animal and plant stem cells; skin and hair follicles; ethics and therapeutics.
Molecular Immunology
BIO G514
Molecular basis of T and B cell antigen recognition and activation; immunity to microbes; autoimmune diseases and immune tolerance. functional anatomy and regulation of immune responses; self tolerance and autoimmunity, antibody engineering; molecular manipulation of the immune response.
Molecular evolutionBIO F419 Highlights the various aspects of evolution, species diversified and got adapted to various changing environmental conditions and evolved new behavioural strategies to survive. ALso focuses on the molecular mechanism involved in the process of speciation.

Higher Degree

Molecular Mechanism of Gene Expression
BIO G512
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes and their topology: DNA-protein interactions; DNA replication; transcription in yeast; RNA processing; translation; mechanism of gene expression in pro and eukaryotes.
Advanced and Applied Microbiology
BIO G523Molecular taxonomy; molecular diversity of microorganisms; clinical microbiology; human-microbe interaction; molecular plant-microbe interaction, applied microbiology and synthetic microbiology. 
Animal Cell Technology
BIO G524
Animal cell and tissue culture from various organisms, development and maintenance of cell lines, manipulation and applications of cell culture technology for Biotechnological research and therapeutics implication.
Environmental Biotechnology and Waste ManagementBIO G525
Applications of biotechnology to the management of environmental problems, role of biotechnology in increasing plant and animal production through biological insecticides, herbicide resistance, conservation of genetic resources and biological nitrogen-fixation. 
Advanced Cell and Molecular Biology
BIO G542
Eukaryotic cell cycle; stress responses: mechanisms molecular biology; cytokines: sources, molecular structure, targets and mechanisms of action; apoptosis, caspases and necrosis. 
Plant Biotechnology
BIO G643
Plant cell and tissue culture; therapeutic protein and antibody production through plants; promoter designing; molecular markers and their applications; approaches to influence metabolite partitioning and quality and quantity of plant storage products.
Elective Courses
Biomolecular Modeling           BIO C417
Theoretical concepts and demonstrative examples towards grasping key ideas for applications in the 3D modeling of proteins and nucleic acids.
EnzymologyBIO C421
Enzyme nomenclature and classification; isolation and purification; structures; kinetics; regulation of enzymatic reactions; evaluation of enzymes and other proteins.
Biochemical EngineeringBIO C461
Theoretical aspects of recombinant DNA manipulation; procedures to create chemeric molecules using examples from experimental work; PCR; in vitro mutagenesis and cloning in prokaryotic and eukaryotic vectors. 
Biostatistics and Biomodelling
BIO G532
Statistical and probability analysis variables in biology; handling of softwares. 
Human Genetics
BIO G612
Epigenetic and chromosomal control of gene expression; molecular genetics of inherited disorders; cancer genetics; genomics and proteomics; applications in gene therapy, novel drug design approaches. 
Protein and Enzyme BioengineeringBIO G651
Sources, isolation, purification and storage of protein and/or enzymes; kinetics of enzyme catalyzed reactions; biocatalyst reaction engineering; techniques of production and recovery of enzymes; protein and enzyme modification; clinical and industrial applications of free and immobilized enzymes.
Bioconversion TechnologyBIO G671
Waste and by-product utilization; downstream processing; biogas production; principles of biodegradation process parameters; bioreactor design and operation; exploitation of waste streams enzyme-based bioconversions of high value products.