Prof. Murari R R Varma

Head & Associate Professor
Department of Civil Engineering

Wastewater treatment, water resource engineering and remote sensing, Remote Sensing in hydrology, Water quality of surface water systems, Hydrological Modelling and Field hydrology
Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani
Hyderabad Campus
Jawahar Nagar, Kapra Mandal
Dist.-Medchal-500 078
Telangana, India


    Links to publication list in databases

Journal Articles

    1. Satish, N., Anmala, J., Rajitha, K. and Varma, M.R.R., 2024. A stacking ANN ensemble model of ML models for stream water quality prediction of Godavari River Basin, India. Ecological Informatics, p.102500.DOI:
    2. Nagalapalli SatishK. RajithaJagadeesh AnmalaMurari R. R. Varma; Trophic status estimation of case-2 water bodies of the Godavari River basin using satellite imagery and artificial neural network (ANN). H2Open Journal 2023; h2oj2023034. DOI:
    3. M. Naveen Naidu, Vasan A., Murari R. R. Varma, Mahesh B. Patil; Multiobjective design of water distribution networks using modified NSGA-II algorithm. Water Supply 2023; ws2023035. DOI:
    4. Nagalapalli Satish, Anmala Jagadeesh, Rajitha K, Murari Raja Raja Varma; Prediction of stream water quality in Godavari River Basin, India using statistical and artificial neural network models. H2Open Journal 2022; h2oj2022019. DOI:
    5. Vaishnavi Koyilath Nandakumar, Sankar Ganesh Palani, Murari Raja Raja Varma; Interactions between microplastics and unit processes of wastewater treatment plants: a critical review. Water Science and Technology 1 January 2022; 85 (1): 496–514. DOI:
    6. Riotte, J., Ruiz, L., Audry, S., Baud, B., Bedimo Bedimo, J.‐P., Boithias, L., Braun, J.‐J., Dupre, B., Faucheux, M., Lagane, C., Marechal, J.‐C., Moger, H., Mohan Kumar, M.S., Parate, H., Ribolzi, O., Rochelle‐Newall, E., Sriramulu, B., Varma, M.R.R. and Sekhar, M. (2021), The Multiscale TROPIcal CatchmentS critical zone observatory M‐TROPICS dataset III: hydro‐geochemical monitoring of the Mule Hole catchment, south India. Hydrological Processes. DOI:
    7. Prakash Mohan, M. M., Kanchirapuzha, R. & Murari R. R. Varma, (2020) "Review of approaches for the estimation of sensible heat flux in remote sensing-based evapotranspiration models," Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 14(4), 041501.  DOI: 
    8. Swathi, V., Raju, K.S. & Varma, M.R.R. (2020) Addition of overland runoff and flow routing methods to SWMM - model application to Hyderabad, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 192, 643. DOI:
    9. Pankaj, B.S., Naidu, M.N., Vasan, A., Murari R R Varma, (2020) Self-Adaptive Cuckoo Search Algorithm for Optimal Design of Water Distribution Systems. Water Resources Management. DOI:
    10. Patil, M. B., Naidu, M. N., Vasan, A.,Varma, M. R. R (2020). Water distribution system design using multi-objective particle swarm optimisation. Sadhana, 45(1), 21. DOI:
    11. M M Prakash Mohan, K Rajitha , Murari R R Varma (2020) Integration of soil moisture as an auxiliary parameter for the anchor pixel selection process in SEBAL using Landsat 8 and Sentinel - 1Aimages, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 41:3, 1214-1231. DOI:
    12. V. Swathi, K. Srinivasa Raju, Murari R. R. Varma, S. Sai Veena; (2019) Automatic calibration of SWMM using NSGA-III and the effects of delineation scale on an urban catchment. Journal of Hydroinformatics.  DOI:
    13. J. Riotte, J.C. Maréchal, S. Audry, C. Kumar, J.P. Bedimo Bedimo, L. Ruiz, M. Sekhar, M. Cisel, R. Chitra Tarak, M.R.R. Varma, C. Lagane, P. Reddy, J.J. Braun, (2015) Vegetation impact on stream chemical fluxes: Mule Hole watershed (South India), Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 145, 15 November 2014, Pages 116-138, ISSN 0016-7037. DOI:
    14. J.C. Maréchal, J. Riotte, C. Lagane, S. Subramanian, C. Kumar, L Ruiz, S. Audry, M. R. R. Varma and J. J. Braun, (2011) Deep groundwater flow as the main pathway for chemical outputs in a small headwater watershed (Mule Hole, South India) Applied Geochemistry, Volume 26, Supplement 1, Pages S94-S96. DOI:
    15. Tiwari, Rakesh, H I Somashekhar, V R Ramakrishna Parama, Indu K Murthy, Mohan Kumar, M S,Mohan Kumar B K,  Harshad Parate, Murari Varma,  Sumedha Malaviya, Ananya S Rao, Asmita Sengupta, Ruth Kattumuri and N H Ravindranath (2011) MGNREGA for Environmental Service Enhancement and Vulnerability Reduction - A multidisciplinary rapid appraisal of environmental implications in Chitradurga District, Karnataka. Economic Political Weekly. Volume 46, Issue no. 20, May 14, Pages 39-47.
    16. Ruiz, Laurent., Murari R.R. Varma, M.S. Mohan Kumar, M. Sekhar, Jean-Christophe Maréchal, Marc Descloitres, Jean Riotte, Sat Kumar, C. Kumar, Jean-Jacques Braun (2010) Water balance modelling in a tropical watershed under deciduous forest (Mule Hole, India): regolith matric storage bufiers the groundwater recharge process. Journal of Hydrology, Volume 380, Issues 3-4, Pages 460-472. DOI:
    17. Maréchal, J.-C., Murari R. R. Varma, Jean Riotte, Jean-Michel Vouillamoz, M. S. Mohan Kumar, Laurent Ruiz, Muddu Sekhar and Jean-Jacques Braun. (2009) Indirect and direct recharges in a tropical forested watershed: Mule Hole, India. Journal of Hydrology, Volume 364, Issues 3-4, Pages 272-284. DOI:

Book Chapters

    1. Prakash Mohan M.M., Rajitha K, and Murari R. R. Varma (2023) ‘Soil Moisture Estimation Using a SAR Water Cloud Model for an Improved Anchor Pixel Selection Process in SEBAL’, in J.G. Lyon and L. Lyon (eds) Geospatial Information Handbook for Water Resources and Watershed Management, Volume III: Advanced Applications and Case Studies. CRC Press, p. 225.DOI:
    2. Naveen Naidu M., Boindala P.S., Vasan A., Varma M.R.R. (2020) Optimization of Water Distribution Networks Using Cuckoo Search Algorithm. In: Venkata Rao R., Taler J. (eds) Advanced Engineering Optimization Through Intelligent Techniques. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 949. Springer, Singapore. DOI:
    3. Murari, R. R. V., Ruiz, L., Sandhya, C., Braun, J., and Mohan Kumar, M.S (2007) Study of hydrological processes in a small forested watershed in south karnataka (India). In Venkatesh, B., Purandara, B., and Ramasastri,K., editors, Forest Hydrology, Chapter 7. Capital Publishing Company, New Delhi.
    4. Helen Rani, J. and Raja Raja Varma Murari, (2001) Rainwater harvesing? need of the hour Environmental Issues edited by M.A. Sudhir and M. Alankara Masilamani , 27- 28 April 2001. New Delhi, Reliance, 2003, xv, 290 p., ISBN 81-7510-163-6.

Conference Publications

    1. Satish, N., J. Anmala, Murari R R Varma, K. Rajitha, Electrical Conductivity’s closed form expression from Climate and Land Use Parameters for Krishna River Basin, India, 28th HYDRO 2023 International Conference on Hydraulics, Water Resources and Coastal Engineering, held at NIT Warangal, Telangana, India, December 21-23, 2023

    2. Naveen Naidu M, A Vasan and Murari RR Varma, “Optimal Design of District Metered Areas for Water Distribution Networks”, 3rd International Conference on Environment sustainability: New Paradigms and Developments (ICES 2023), November 27-29, 2023, Dubai, UAE.

    3. Vasan A, M. Naveen Naidu and Murari RR Varma, “Enhancing Equitable Distribution and Network Resilience in Intermittent Water Supply Systems”, 20th Annual Meeting of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS 2023), 30 Jul to 04 Aug, 2023, Singapore.
    4. Satish, N., J. Anmala, Murari R R Varma, K. Rajitha, An approach to determine land use factors to study their influence on stream water quality, 26th HYDRO 2021 International Conference on Hydraulics, Water Resources and Coastal Engineering, held at SVNIT Surat, Gujarat, India, December 23-25, 2021
    5. M Naveen Naidu, A Vasan, Murari R R Varma, “Many objective optimization of water distribution networks using NSGA-II”, Water Future Conference 2019 – Towards a Sustainable Water Future, Divecha Centre for Climate Change, IISc Bengaluru, India, September 24-27, 2019.
    6. M Naveen Naidu, Sriman Pankaj, A Vasan, Murari R R Varma, “Improved NSGA-II Multiobjective Genetic Algorithm for Optimization of Water Distribution Network Design”, 17th International Computing & Control for the Water Industry Conference, University of Exeter, UK, September 1-4, 2019.
    7. M Naveen Naidu, A Vasan, Murari R R Varma, “Nature Inspired Multiobjective Optimization of Water Distribution Network Design”, International Conference on Sustainable Practices and Innovations in Civil Engineering (SPICE 2019), Department of Civil Engineering, S.S.N. College of Engineering, Chennai, India, March 26-27, 2019.
    8. Prakash Mohan M M, Rajitha Kanjirapuzha, and Murari Raja Raja Varma. A novel approach to select anchor pixels in SEBAL model by using inputs from SAR images International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium 2018 (IGARSS 2018). Valencia, Spain, 22-27 July 2018. Available at []
    9. M Naveen Naidu, A Vasan and Murari R R Varma, (2018) Water Distribution Network Optimization – A Review, 50thIWWA Annual Convention 2018, Kala Academy, Panaji, Goa, February 19-21, 2018.
    10. R.Madhuri, K.Srinivasa Raju, Murari R R Varma,(2018) Best Management Practices in an Urban Flooding Scenario, National Symposium on Emerging Environmental Challenges: An Engineering Approach (EEC 2018), February 16, 2018, Hyderabad, India, pp. 101.
    11. Prakash Mohan M M, Rajitha K and Murari R R Varma., (2016) "Influence of interferometric coherence derived canopy height in SEBAL (Surface Energy Balance Algorithm for Land), Proceedings of ISRS & ISG National Symposium on Recent Advances in Remote Sensing and GIS with Special Emphasis on Mountain Ecosystems conducted by ISRS & ISG, Dehradun (India) December 7 - 9, 2016.
    12. Prakash, M., Rajitha, K., & Varma, M. R. R., (2016) Effect of Pixel to pixel variation of Zenith angles of Sun on different model parameters of SEBAL Proceedings of National Space Science Symposium held at VSSC Thiruvananthapuram, 9-12, February, 2016.
    13. Kumar Gaurav, Prashant Sharma, Garv Malik, Shivani Surisetty S V, R.B. Adusumalli, Murari R. R. Varma Study of Suspended Particulate Matter in an Educational Institute in Suburban Region, India Proceedings of International Conference On Advances in Chemical Engineering (ICACE) - 2015, 20-22 December 2015, NITK Surathkal
    14. Rajitha K, Prakash Mohan M M and Murari R R Varma, Effect of Cirrus Cloud on Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Aerosol Free Vegetation Index (AFRI): A Study Based on LANDSAT- 8 Images. Eighth International Conference on Advances in Pattern Recognition conducted by the Electronics and Communication Sciences Unit of the Indian Statistical Institute along IEEE Computational Intelligence Society and Indian Unit for Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence from January 04-07, 2015 Available at []
    15. Prakash Mohan M. M., Rajitha K., Murari R. R. Varma, Design optimisation of telescopic sub-mains in Drip Irrigation System, Proceedings of International Symposium on Integrated Water Resources Management, 19-21, February 2014, CWRDM, Kozhikode, India.
    16. Rajitha K, Prakash Mohan M M, Murari R. R. Varma, Determination of potable water availability index using remote sensing and GIS: A case study of Hyderabad City, Proceedings of International Symposium on Integrated Water Resources Management, 19-21, February 2014, CWRDM, Kozhikode, India.
    17. Ruiz, Laurent, Murari R R Varma, M S Mohan Kumar, Muddu Sekhar, Jerome Molenat, Jean-Christophe Marechal, Marc Descloitres, Jean Riotte, Sat Kumar, and Jean-Jacques Braun. "Transpiration by tree roots in the deep unsaturated regolith buffers the recharge process in a tropical watershed under deciduous forest (Mule Hole, India)." In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, vol. 12, p. 2719. 2010.
    18. Varma, Murari R. R., M. S. Mohan Kumar, J. C. Maréchal, L. Ruiz, M. Sekhar and J. J. Braun (2008) Estimation of evapotranspiration in an experimental watershed in a deciduous forest of South India, Proceedings of International Symposium on Lowland Technology, ISLT 2008. September 24 26, 2008 Institute of Lowland Technology, Busan, South Korea.
    19. Maréchal, J.-C., J. Riotte, J.-J. Braun, L. Ruiz, Mohan Kumar, M. Varma, M.Sekhar, J. Ndam Ngoupayou, C. Lagane (2008) Chemical groundwater outputs from small drainage basins: two tropical examples. Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 10, EGU2008-A-00000, EGU General Assembly 2008.
    20. Violette, A., Y. Godderis, J.-C. Maréchal, J. Riotte, J.-J. Braun, Murari V. and H. Parathe (2008) Coupled hydrological and geochemical modelling of a tropical watershed. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2008, 72, A986.
    21. Braun, J.J., L. Ruiz, J. Riotte, M.S. Mohan Kumar, V. Murari, M. Sekhar, L. Barbiéro, M. Descloîtres, A. Bost, B. Dupré, C. Lagane Chemical and physical weathering in the Kabini River Basin, South India, Goldsmith Conference Abstracts 2005, A691.
    22. Murari, R. R. V., L. Ruiz, C. Sandhya, J.-J. Braun and M. S. Mohan Kumar (2004) Study of hydrological processes in a small forested watershed in South Karnataka (India). National Seminar on Forest, Water and People, 29-30th July 2004. NIH Belgaum.
    23. Helen Rani, J. and Raja Raja Varma Murari, (2001) Rainwater harvesting - need of the hour. Proceedings of Work Shop on Environmental Issues, GRI, Gandhigram. Tamilnadu, 27- 28 April 2001.
    24. Murari, R. R. V., and T. V. Ramachandra, (2000) Design of structures of optimal harvesting of rainwater using GIS and Remote Sensing Proceeding on ISRS - National Symposium on Remote Sensing Applications for National Resources, Bhubaneshwar March 22-24, 2000.
    25. Murari, R. R. V. and T. V. Ramachandra, (1999) Spatial and Temporal Tools in Environmental Management for Sustainable Development. Conference Proceedings on Current Environmental Status of Coimbatore District, held at PSG Arts College, Coimbatore.

Theses and Reports

    1. Murari, Raja Raja Varma, (2011) Water Balance Studies in A Small Experimental Forested Watershed, South India (Doctoral Theses) Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Available at: [1] [2]
    2. Murari, Raja Raja Varma, (1999) Optimal Design of Rainwater Harvesting Structure using spatial and Temporal Tools. (ME Theses) Government College of Technology, Coimbatore, India